Christian monasticism

All Christians have in common that "their being and name is from Christ" 1. Through a famous biography written by Athanasius, bishop of Alexandria, Anthony's way of life became widely known and his influence spread beyond Egypt, and soon collections of hermits were establishing themselves in various places throughout the Eastern Roman Empire.

One important feature of life in a Cistercian monastery was the lay brothers, those attracted to the monastic life, but not wishing to live the strict life of a monk.


The Dhammayut, the smaller and more highly ascetic of the two sections of the Thai sangha, prescribes minimum periods of three months to a year; the Mahasanghikas, who form the monastic majority, do not specify any Christian monasticism.

Thus for example, wealth and fame cannot be seen as equally destructive for monks and laymen. They should be referred to as friars rather than monks, because in Christianity the term monk implies fixity of residence and friars are by definition peripatetic.

Mendicant friars and orders Although mendicancy would seem to preclude cenobitism, many orders are mendicant and cenobitic at different times. Abolition of private property Communal meetings of the abbot and the monks later to be known as Chapter House Communal sleeping arrangements dormitory style Division of the day into seven offices: Only one thing must always remain the same and that is the motive power which brought it into existence and has maintained it throughout the centuries, viz.

Basil founds Cappadocian Monasteries St. In addition, it required the congregation to read and discuss the Rule chapter by chapter, beginning over again once they had completed it. The sites chosen by the monks for their retreat were usually in wild and inaccessible places, which were left to them precisely because they were uncultivated, and no one else cared to undertake the task of clearing them.

I had the opportunity to spend a week at Gethsemani Abbey, one of the oldest and largest Trappist monasteries in Kentucky, in December of I think it is time to gather people together to do this It is said that St.

Spirituality for Today – June 2011 – Volume 15, Issue 11

Wednesdays and Fridays were fast days, except the interval between Easter and Whit Sunday. In the later Middle Ageswhen the black monks were giving less time to agriculture, the Cistercians reestablished the old order of things; and even today such monasteries as La Trappe de Staoueli in northern Africa, or New Nursia in western Australia do identically the same work as was done by the monks a thousand years ago.

Its population was grouped in clans -- something like the smaller groups that joined together to form a North American Indian tribe. So we find monachism at first instinctive, informal, unorganized, sporadic; the expression of the same force working differently in different places, personsand circumstances; developing with the natural growth of a plant according to the environment in which it finds itself and the character of the individual listener who heard in his soul the call of "Follow Me".

With regard to food the rule was very strict. Benedict of Nursia c. Fourth Wave of Christian Monasticism: New Monasticism Introduction: Is Monasticism Based on the Bible? Many early Christians moved to the desert to draw closer to God, following the example of Christ, when he fasted for 40 days in the wilderness of Judea.

Christianity - Monasticism: The origins of and inspiration for monasticism, an institution based on the Christian ideal of perfection, have traditionally been traced to the first apostolic community in Jerusalem—which is described in the Acts of the Apostles—and to Jesus’ sojourn in the wilderness.

In the early church, monasticism was based on the.

The Story of Monasticism; or, What Monastics Can Teach Us

Christian monasticism has varied greatly in its external forms, but, broadly speaking, it has two main species (a) the eremitical or solitary, (b) the cenobitical or family types.

St. Anthony may be called the founder of the first and St. Pachomius of the second. First Wave of Christian Monasticism: The Desert Fathers Paul of Thebes / Cyprian, Bishop of Carthage ( A.D.) Paul of Thebes retreats to a cave in the Egyptian desert in A.D.

to avoid the persecution initiated by Decius. Orthodox Christian Monasticism. The innermost spiritual sense of Orthodox Monasticism is revealed in joyful mourning.

This paradoxical phrase denotes a spiritual state in which a monk in his prayer grieves for the sins of the world at at the same time experiences the regenerating spiritual joy of Christ's forgiveness and resurrection. Monasticism was unknown in Christianity until the end of the third century.

Most of the early Christians continued to own private property after their conversion, and marriage was not condemned.

Christian monasticism
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What is the Christian view of asceticism / monasticism?